Gastric reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is characterized by the rise of acidic stomach contents in the esophagus.
This rise, occasional or constant, causes heartburn and acid regurgitation after the meal.
Causes of Gastric Reflux
Gastric reflux is a normal phenomenon, but the term GERD refers to its pathological form.
This rise is explained by a dysfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter, a valve supposed to prevent the passage of acid content of the stomach.
The inefficiency of this anti-reflux mechanism may be due to the consumption of alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, a spicy diet, … Obesity and overweight can also cause abdominal hyperpressure, explaining the malfunction lower sphincter of the esophagus.